Good Health and Wellbeing
Great strides have been made in the realm of health and wellbeing, and is crucial to personal development. This has been recognized by the UN through SDG3: Good health and wellbeing.
Life expectancy, mortality rates, and immunization have seen remarkable progress. However, where universal healthcare, sanitation and hygiene are concerned, a significant disparity remains. According to the UN, by 2017, only one third of the world’s population had essential health cover.
Child and maternal health, as well as disease are three key areas of focus, for the UN. In 2018, 6.2 million children and adolescents under 15 years old died from preventable causes. Moreover, women of reproductive age, in developing nations, are 14 times more likely to die from childbirth. Additionally, HIV is also a leading cause of death for menstruating women, and is largely due to gender discrimination.
Determinants of health and wellbeing are also viewed through mental health, and has seen significant ramifications since the beginning of COVID-19. Outbreaks or pandemics have often been met with anxiety, depression, confusion, and panic. Moreover, those with pre-existing mental health conditions are at greater risk of experiencing these. Consequently, the UN estimates that approximately 71 to 100 million people will fall into extreme poverty this year, exacerbating the prominence of mental health.
In Australia, mental health affects 1 in 5 people, and typically arises during adolescence, with young adults (18-24 years old) exhibiting the highest overall rates. To address this and the surrounding stigma, Enactus Macquarie has developed the enterprise PeerLink. PeerLink connects peers in a supportive environment to facilitate a conversation regarding mental health, and to help develop individualized coping mechanisms. This in turn seeks to address SDG3.
Healthy humans means a healthy planet. To combat detriments to health, we must look to uplifting disadvantaged communities as well as addressing the needs of every individual.
“Health is a state of complete mental, social and physical well-being, not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.”
- World Health Organization, 1948